Back to Sexual health. HIV is transmitted through seminal and vaginal fluids, including menstrual fluids. The virus can enter the body through the bloodstream or by passing through delicate mucous membranes, such as inside the vagina, rectum or urethra. If a person gives fellatio and has bleeding gums, a cut, or an ulcer inside their mouth, HIV could enter their bloodstream through infected fluid. This could also happen if infected fluid from a woman gets into the mouth of her partner during oral sex. You can use a dental dam to cover the anus or female genitals during oral sex.
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Some people mistakenly believe that it is rare or impossible for sexually transmitted infections to be spread through oral sex. It is essential that sexually active people understand how STIs are transmitted and how they can reduce the risk of spreading infections. It is possible to contract many STIs through oral sex, as oral sex involves close contact and often an exchange of bodily fluids. Different STIs spread at different rates and through various bodily fluids.
The virus is transmitted between partners when the fluids of one person come into contact with the blood stream of another person. This contact can occur from a cut or broken skin, or through the tissues of the vagina, rectum, foreskin, or the opening of the penis. Oral sex ranks very low on the list of ways HIV can be transmitted. However, the risk of contracting HIV through oral sex is not zero. The truth is, you can in theory still contract HIV this way. It may be difficult to know where the transmission occurred. There are no documented cases of HIV being transmitted between partners through cunnilingus oral-vaginal sex. In fact, the lifetime risk of transmitting HIV during rimming is less than one percent for mixed-status couples.
Oral sex is sex that involves the mouth and the penis, vagina, or anus butt hole. Some other words for different kinds of oral sex are "blow job," "giving head," "going down on," "eating out," "sucking," "cunnilingus," or "rimming. There are a few known cases of people getting HIV from giving oral sex licking or sucking. There are no known cases of someone getting HIV from receiving oral sex being licked or sucked. Experts believe that oral sex without protection is less risky than other kinds of sex, but all agree that it is possible to get HIV from giving oral sex to an HIV-infected partner without protection, especially if the HIV-infected partner ejaculates in the mouth. Certain factors, such as the presence of any cuts or sores in the mouth, are thought to increase the riskiness of oral sex. Giving oral sex blow job to a man has been proven to carry some risk of getting HIV, although most scientists believe the risk is relatively low.